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6.1 - Adjectives

In many respects, Anawanda adjectives are just a subclass of the nouns. They inflect for number and, limited to the few two form and three form adjectives, for case, following the nominal declension.

Adjectives are subject to four types of usage: as attributes to nouns (true adjectives), as attributes to verbs (adverbs), as predicates (like "to be + adjective" in English), as stand-alone nouns (nominalised adjectives).

When used as noun attributes, adjectives concord in number and, if possible, in case (if a two form adjective is attached to a three form noun in the genitive-locative case, the adjective takes the direct case, not the oblique). Attributive adjectives can either precede or follow the noun they modify. In the latter case, the distal deictic pronoun is inserted in between. The pronoun is also subject to agreement in case. For example:

[1] útil márattangaag
old chief:GEN.PLUR
Of the old chiefs

[2] márattangaag níínnin útil
chief:GEN.PLUR that:GEN old
Of the old chiefs (lit. Of the chiefs, of those old ones)

The second construction is especially for selective specification, but there is no clear-cut difference. The group of deictic and adjective can be even displaced from the noun it modifies. In this case, the noun is generally marked with the particle táá.

The usage of adjectives as verb attributes is shortly discussed in section 6.3.

Finally, adjectives can be also used on their own as plain nouns. In this case, they can be taken as heads of noun phrases and can govern other adjectives, participles or a relative clause.

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