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9.1 - The verb and its arguments

The verb is the only mandatory element of an Anawanda clause. It is generally bound to clause-final position.

Verbs can govern up to three arguments: the subject, the direct object and the indirect object. None of the arguments is mandatory: the subject is necessarily encoded in the form of an agreement suffix on the verb, but it is not compulsory to add an overt subject noun phrase. The same way, verb objects are often encoded by clitic pronouns, noun phrases or both, but they're not required either.

The subject and direct object both appear in the direct case and are only distinguished by means of word order. The indirect object is usually governed by the adposition lag/lág. A double object construction where the indirect object also appears in the ungoverned direct case is also possible.

Verb objects are not limited to transitive and ditransitive verbs, but may appear freely with any kind of verb. Example:

[1] muullúúrattuu la taa riicám
climb.IMPERATIVE.2S it stone
Do me the favour to lift the stone (lit. Climb the stone for me)

Where the main verb (litterally translated as climb) is basically intransitive.

When multiple noun phrases fill in multiple argument slots, their relative order is: subject - indirect object - direct object.

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