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7.6 - Finite form suffixes

As seen is Paragraph 7.1, verb forms are generated by the overlapping of an aspect/modality and a tense.

In the conjugation, aspect/modality is encoded by different sets of inflectional endings (each set including one suffix for each person, for a total of eight suffixes each). There are two series of such sets, labelled strong series and weak series. The strong series includes two sets of suffixes for the imperfective (named set A and set B), one for the perfective, one for the virtual and a special set for the injunctive alone. The weak series just includes one set for each of imperfective, perfective and virtual.

The imperfective series are as follows:

Strong seriesWeak Series
Set ASet B
Sing 1staamanam(l)aam
2nduutuunti(d)uun
3rdiiina(m)uuna
Impersonalanaan(n)a
Plur 1stamaaamaa(l)aam
2nduurruuuurruu(l)u
3rdibiiibii(m)aban
Dual 3rdatiadin(g)ati

The perfective series are as follows:

Strong seriesWeak Series
Sing 1staddam(l)atta
2ndattu(d)uud
3rdiittii, ittiin(m)uttiin
Impersonalattan(n)ad
Plur 1stamaddan(l)attam
2ndurduu(l)ud
3rdabitti(m)aptii
Dual3rdinda(n)iitta

The virtual series are as follows:

Strong seriesWeak Series
Sing 1starranam(l)arram
2ndur(d)uurruu
3rdirran(m)atir
Impersonalaarran(n)ar
Plur 1stanar(l)arram
2ndarruur(l)urtuur
3rdir(m)iirra
Dual3rdarti(g)iirdi

The injunctive strong series is as follows:

Sing1starram
2nduu, uut
3rdaci
Impersonalanca
Plur1star
2nduurruu, urcu
3rdaci
Dual3rdactin

The initial consonant of the weak suffixes only appears after vowel final stems. Competing forms of the Strong series (3rd singular perfective and 2nd singular and plural injunctive) alternate freely.

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