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|3rd||Masc.||ten, te||ton, to||tan|
|Fem.||lei||loi||lai, lain||lau, laun|
These clitics are used with nouns for cross-referencing of genitive complements and with verbs for subject agreement. In both cases, the clitic is mandatory, while the referenced noun phrase may be deleted.
If the cross-referenced noun phrase is determinate, the clitic has to agree in grammatical gender with it; otherwise, the neuter third person clitic is used instead.
The masculine third person singular clitic te/to and the feminine third person plural clitic lain/laun are typical of the Eastern dialect, but they appear rarely in the Western dialect, where the alternate forms ten/ton and lai/lau are preferred.
| Arden Reference Grammar > Particles > Nouns | Previous | Next |Copyright © 1998-2001 Jean-François Smith & Tommaso Donnarumma