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Several nouns which signify animate beings exist in couples marked for the sex of the referent by means of the following suffixes:
Some of the suffixes found in the listings below, marked with a trailing dash, are intended for sex-marked nouns, and require the suffixes above to be appended.
The following suffixes generally apply to verbs:
|Patient, result||-ai||-au||Instrument, means||-erc||-orc||Instrument, means||-tren||-tron|
The following suffixes apply to both verbs and nouns:
|Science or study||-lend||-lond|
The following suffixes generally apply to nouns alone:
Other suffixes exist with a less wide range of applicability:
From a name of place (country, city, etc.)
From a name of person:
From a name of a good or a service:
From a name of fruit:
The following suffixes refer to age. They attach to nouns alone. They may also refer to inanimates: in this case, the gender suffix my be dropped, or applied according to the grammatical gender of the noun.
| Arden Reference Grammar > Derivations > Nouns | Previous | Next |Copyright © 1998-2001 Jean-François Smith & Tommaso Donnarumma